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Enlighten Yourself About the Symptoms and the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

The female body organ that produces eggs is known as the ovary. Any cancer that begins in the ovaries is known as ovarian cancer. It is tough to detect it until it has spread within the pelvis and the stomach. 

Ovarian cancer has spread worldwide, and according to one of the best gynecologists in Pune, it is now ranked as one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Moreover, it is the third most commonly detected type of gynecologic cancer in Indian women.




Types of Ovarian Cancer

There are around thirty kinds of ovarian cancer. The three common cell types are-

  • Epithelial cells- These occur in the lining of the surface of the ovary. 

  • Germ cells- These become eggs for reproduction 

  • Stromal Cells- These release hormones and link up the ovaries' structure.

Out of these, Epithelial cell tumours are the most common and incursive. They occur in almost 85-90% of people who have ovarian cancer.

In almost all cases of germ cell tumours that become cancerous, 90% are treatable. 

Treatment for cancerous cells is not very cheap, but the bajaj finserv health EMI network card provides several benefits and various medical therapies on low-cost EMIs.


Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

It is almost impossible to detect cancer in the early stages as there are very few or no symptoms at all.

If symptoms do occur, they are typical for other conditions, which makes it tough to differentiate. Some of the early signs are-


  • Pelvis pain

  • Sudden vaginal bleeding

  • Backache or pain in the abdomen

  • Bloating

  • Changes in urination pattern or bowel movements

  • Indigestion 

  • Changes in weight 

  • Appetite Loss

  • Breathlessness

If any of these symptoms last for a while, consult a doctor. One of the best gynaecologists in Pune suggests that should the symptoms be continuous for more than 2 weeks, then it is time to connect to the doctor.


Stages of Ovarian Cancer

Any health care professional needs to recognize the stage and grade of cancer to treat it. The stage is detected by inspecting how far cancer has spread, and grade is determined by studying the abnormality of cancer cells.

Stages of ovarian cancer-

  • Localized: Cancer cells have not spread everywhere and only affects the ovaries or fallopian tube.

  • Regional: Cancer has now spread to some other nearby organs like the uterus.

  • Distant: Cancer has spread everywhere in the body and affects organs such as the lungs or liver.

Treatment is mostly more effective at an early stage. Other factors such as a person's age, health, type and grade of the cancer cell also affect the diagnosis. However, treatment of any cancer is costly. The Bajaj finserv health EMI network card conveniently allows you to pay your medical expenses and your family's EMI. It is a single payment solution and covers many treatments like dental care, maternity care, eye care, plastic surgeries, diagnostic care, and many more. In addition, the bajaj finserv health EMI network card allows you to divide the cost of all your hospital bills into easy and affordable EMIs.


Diagnosis 

A doctor is likely to examine the person with ovarian cancer and their personal and family medical history. If needed, a swift pelvic examination will be carried out. They might recommend-

  • Blood Tests

  • Imaging Tests 

  • Laparoscopy

  • Biopsy

A biopsy is a surefire way of confirming that a person has cancerous cells. It is done as a part of the initial assessment or the following surgery.

You can use the bajaj finserv health EMI network card at any diagnostic care center as well.


Treatment

Treatment of any cancer depends on a few factors-

  • The type, grade, and stage of the cancer are the most important factors

  • The person’s age and overall health 

  • Personal preferences

  • Affordability of the treatment 

There are a few options for the treatment that includes-

  1. Surgery- Surgical choices include a hysterectomy in which one or both ovaries are removed. The choice for removal can depend on several factors, like the spread of the tumours and their type.

  2. Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy drugs aim to kill the cancerous cells and affect the whole body. It can have numerous after-effects.

  3. Targeted Therapy- This treatment targets particular cells that help cancer grow. It limits the effects by targeting specific functions.

  4. Radiation Therapy- This is used to help people with advanced cancerous cells and is done through x-rays.

As soon as you detect a symptom of cancer, it is best to consult the top doctors. A few of the best gynaecologists in Pune from whom you can take advice on ovarian cancer.


Conclusion 

Ovarian cancer is a deadly disease that needs attention as soon as possible. However, all kinds of ovarian cancer can be treated step by step if the individual receives a proper diagnosis in the early stages.


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